Mine Index 0798   Big Creek Coals, Inc.,   Big Creek No. 5 Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Saline unlocated
County: Saline
Quadrangle: Galatia
County Coal Data: Saline
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0798

Company Name: Big Creek Coals, Inc.
Mine Name: Big Creek No. 5 Mine
Start Date: 1902 End Date: June 1923
Type of Mine: Underground
Total acres shown: 12667 in the Herrin Coal, 59 in the Springfield Coal
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Main shaft (Herrin) Saline 8S 5E 11 SW NW SE
Air shaft (Herrin) Saline 8S 5E 11 SW NW SE


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Herrin (1902-1916) 340-367 5.5 6.5 5.5-5.83 RPB
Springfield (1917-1923) 485.5 2.0 7.5 6.0 RPB

Geological Problems Reported

Two dikes were reported, 3500 feet east of the mine, trending northwest, and the other south of the mine, trending east-west. The Herrin Coal had some gas. The Springfield Coal was very “dirty”, and sandstone lenses rolled into the seam. Pyrite was present as thin lenses. The roof was good, mostly of limestone, but the shale beneath the limestone fell where it was thin.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Galatia Coal Company Galatia 1902-1911Idle 1904 154,914
St. Louis Coal and Coke Company Galatia No. 1 1911-1912 20,000
Galatia and Saline Coal Company Galatia No. 1 1912-1913 14,000
Galatia Coal Company Galatia 1913-1914 21,950
Brown and Jones Coal Company Galatia 1914-1915 4,893
Durham Coal Company Durham 1915-1917 66,870
Saline County Coal Company Saline County No. 5 1917-1918 56,918
Galatia Colliery Company Galatia No. 5 1918-1919 30,794
Big Creek Coals, Inc. Big Creek No. 5 1919-1923Production was not reported in 1922; the mine was idle or production was less than 10,000 tons 210,356
Peabody Coal Company Peabody No. 45 1923-1923 none reportedPeabody Coal Company was listed as the successor to Saline County Coal Company on the map, but no production was reported under this name.
Total Production: 580,695

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Microfilm, document 352833 6-1-1918 1:2400 1:5131 Final
Microfilm, document 352824 6-5-1923 1:2263This scale was not given on the map, but derived from known reference points. 1:4370 Final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Saline County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Saline County) - Mine type, shaft location, seam, depth, thickness, geologic problems.
ISGS Field notes (Saline County) - Geologic problems.
Microfilm map, document 352833, reel 03140, frames 405 (Herrin coal) - Shaft locations, mine outline, mining method, seam.
Microfilm map, document 352824, reel 03140, frames 387-388 (Springfield coal) - Mine outline, mining method, seam, geologic problems.

Mine Notes

Mine Images