Mine Index 0857   Peabody Coal Company,   River King Surface Mine

Unlocated Mines In: St. Clair unlocated
County: St. Clair
Quadrangle: Freeburg
New Athens East
County Coal Data: St. Clair
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0857

Company Name: Peabody Coal Company
Mine Name: River King Surface Mine
Start Date: 1957 End Date: February 1986
Type of Mine: Surface
Total acres shown: 1722 (Pit No.s 1, 2, & 4); 1784 (Pit No. 3)
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

The area shown on the accompanying map, combined with that shown on Mascoutah and New Athens East Quadrangles, is much smaller than expected from the reported production. The area shown for River King Pit No. 6 Mine (mine index 0934) on the Tilden, Baldwin, and New Athens East Quadrangles is much larger than expected for the reported production. If both index numbers are combined for all of the River King Surface mines, the area shown on the quadrangle maps is in line with the reported production. The total area mined was 13,164 acres for a total of 104,187,734 tons.

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Tipple St. Clair 1S 7W 15 280 FSL, 180 FWL, NE SW
Pit 1 (1957-1965) St. Clair 2S 7W 33 (Freeburg quadrangle)
Pit 2 (1957-1965) St. Clair 1S 7W 22 (Mascoutah quadrangle)
Pit 3 (1965-1986) St. Clair 2S 7W 26 (New Athens East quadrangle)
Pit 4 (1957-1965) St. Clair 2S 7W 3 (Mascoutah quadrangle)


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Herrin 58-78 other 6.2-7.0 Surface

Geological Problems Reported

The upper 6 inches of the Herrin Coal contained flat concretions in one area. Some difficulties encountered in surface mining Pit No. 3 included shooting the hard limestones (Piasa & Brereton) and in drilling the shot holes in the soft sand above the bedrock, which required continuous casing.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Peabody Coal Company River King Surface, Pits 1-4 1957-1975 70,303,672
Peabody Coal Company River King Surface, Pit No. 3 1976-1986 6,728,122
Total Production: 77,031,794

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Company, 4103.S31 i5.1-62 3-14-1969 1:12000 1:12000 Final Final for Pits 1, 2 (Mascoutah quadrangle), and 4. Not final for Pit 3 (New Athens East quadrangle).
Company map 3-8-1989 1:12000 1:12000 Final Final for Pit No. 3
USGS topographic map 1991 1:24000 1:24000 Secondary source

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation, seam, depth, thickness, mining method.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (St. Clair County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Company map, ISGS map library, 4103.S31 i5.1-62 - Mine outline.
Company map, Coal Section files - Mine outline, mining method.
USGS Topographic map, New Athens East 7.5 minute quadrangle, 1991 - East extension of Pit No. 3

Mine Notes

Mine Images