Avon Quadrangle


Mining in the Avon Quadrangle

The earliest known mining in the Avon Quadrangle was in 18-T8N-R1E in Fulton County, near mine index 4348, northwest of the town of Avon. A cannel coal was distilled for oil by D. H. Spunver in 1859. Ten retorts were in operation until the discovery of oil in Pennsylvania put a stop to production by this method, as it was said that a ton of coal was required to distill 30 gallons of oil. When oil could be produced so much more cheaply, there was little incentive to continue production by this method.

The Rock Island and Colchester Coals were mined. Both were thin, but over most of the area, one seam or the other was shallow and available to drift mine or to access with a shallow slope along the hillsides adjacent to the streams.

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Coal Mines In Illinois Avon Quadrangle

Mines that Appear on the Avon Quadrangle

Unlocated Mines

Fulton County

Knox County

McDonough County

Warren County

Pages in category "Avon Quadrangle"

The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total.