Mine Index 0883   Peabody Coal Company,   Eagle Surface Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Gallatin unlocated
County: Gallatin
Quadrangle: Equality
Saline Mines
County Coal Data: Gallatin
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0883

Company Name: Peabody Coal Company
Mine Name: Eagle Surface Mine
Start Date: 1945 End Date: May 1980
Type of Mine: Surface
Total acres shown: 1,336 This area encompasses several other small mines. Some were small underground mines whose pillars were retrieved by the Eagle Mine, some were small surface mines whose outlines are no longer relevant, and there is some evidence that a previously auger-mined area was surface-mined by the Eagle Mine.
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Tipple Gallatin 10S 9E 8 NE NE NE


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Herrin 6-80 3.0-4.67 Surface
Briar Hill 2.5 Surface
Springfield 20-40 4.5 Surface
Dekoven 3.17 Surface
Davis 3.17 Surface

Geological Problems Reported

This mine uncovered traces of several faults of the Shawneetown Fault Zone. Many thrust faults and some normal faults were seen. In one case, the Herrin Coal was triplicated in the section caused by large-scale thrusting. The south side of one thrust fault was up-thrown about 10 feet. The faulting caused displaced coal and made the coal elevation pitch and roll steeply, and caused instability of the highwall. In some pits, the Pleistocene material directly overlay the Herrin Coal and appeared to have cut down into the coal in some spots. The overburden over the Herrin Coal consisted of black Anna Shale (sometimes pods or not present at all), a thin layer (from a few inches thick up to 3 or 4 feet) of Brereton Limestone, gray Lawson Shale (from 2 to 15 feet thick), and Anvil Rock Sandstone. In some places the Anvil Rock Sandstone was present as a channel fill about 1,000 feet wide that had eroded down to within a few inches of the coal, and up to 50 feet thick in the channel phase. In two pits, concretions were commonly associated with the Herrin Coal. In one pit, the concretions were pyritic and weathered easily to a brown powdery material in the spoil pile. A few thin pyrite lenses were also present in the coal, as well as calcite and pyrite on cleat faces. At least one clay dike was seen in the Briar Hill Coal. The Dekoven Coal was overlain by 35 to 40 feet of hard gray silty shale with numerous thin beds of sandstone in the upper part.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Equality Coal Company Equality 1945-1945 8,663
Peabody Coal Company Eagle Surface 1966-1980 6,475,653
Total Production: 6,484,316

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Company, 10-6-12 7-18-1983 1:12000 1:12000 Final
Company, 4103.G3 i5.1-13 1-1-1979 1:12000 1:12000 Not final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Gallatin County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Gallatin County) - Mine type, mine location, seam, depth, thickness, geologic problems.
Company map, ISGS Coal Section files, 10-6-12 - Mine outline, mining method.
Company map, ISGS map library, 4103.G3 i5.1-13 - Tipple location.

Mine Notes

Mine Images