Mine Index 0885   Freeman United Coal Mining Company,   Orient No. 6 Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Jefferson unlocated
County: Jefferson
Quadrangle: Waltonville
County Coal Data: Jefferson
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0885

Company Name: Freeman United Coal Mining Company
Mine Name: Orient No. 6 Mine
Start Date: 1968 End Date: 1997
Type of Mine: Underground
Total acres shown: 6,806
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Hoist shaft Jefferson 4S 2E 7 NE SE NE
Man and air shaft Jefferson 4S 2E 7 SE SE NE
Man and material shaft Jefferson 4S 2E 4 NE NE NE
Air shaft Jefferson 4S 2E 4 NW NE NE


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Herrin 722-792 4.7 6.5 MRP, LWThe longwall portion began in 1989 and is in the eastern part of the mine.

Geological Problems Reported

A fault was noted, with the downthrown side to the west. This fault was mined through in some areas, but when the same fault was found in the Orient No. 3 Mine (mine index 0690), advancement was halted where the fault was encountered. The displacement was more than 7 feet. The roof near the shaft was a silty gray shale, very thinly laminated, with interlaminations of carbonaceous material. In other areas, a well-laminated dark gray shale made up the roof below the silty gray shale. The dark gray shale did not hold, and generally 2 feet of roof rock was taken down before bolting the roof. Roof falls of 5 to 25 feet were noted. Two shear bodies were found. One was discussed in IMN 72 and Reprint 1986B; see those documents for discussion of these features in more detail. Some large rolls were present in the coal, with coal riders above the main seam. In many areas of the mine, a 1- to 2-inch band of fusain at the top of the seam was present, as well as a ½ inch stringer that was 2 to 3 inches above the fusain. A soft gray shale was between the fusain and the stringer. Clay dikes and slips were also seen in the mine.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Freeman Coal Mining Corporation Orient No. 6 1968-1974 10,050,086
Freeman United Coal Mining Company Orient No. 6 1975-1997 26,924,915
Total Production: 36,975,001

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Company 3-9-1997 1:12000 1:12000 Final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation, depth, mining method.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Jefferson County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Jefferson County) - Mine type, shaft location, seam, thickness, geologic problems.
Nelson, W. J. & C. T. Ledvina, A Gravitational Slide in the Energy Shale Member Overlying the Herrin (No. 6) Coal Member in Southern Illinois, Illinois State Geological Survey Reprint 1986B - Geologic problems.
Krausse (H.-F.), H. H. Damberger et al., Roof Strata of the Herrin (No. 6) Coal Member in Mines of Illinois: Their Geology and Stability, Summary Report, Illinois State Geological Survey Illinois Mineral Note 72 - Geologic problems.
Company map, Coal Section digital files - Shaft locations, mine outline, mining method.

Mine Notes

Mine Images