Mine Index 0611   Roanoke Coal Company,   Roanoke Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Woodford unlocated
County: Woodford
Quadrangle: Roanoke
County Coal Data: Woodford
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No
For more information about Longwall Mining See: History of Longwall Coal Mining In Illinois

Mine Index Number: 0611

Company Name: Roanoke Coal Company
Mine Name: Roanoke Mine
Start Date: 1881 End Date: 1940
Type of Mine: Underground
Total acres shown: 900
Production Indicated Acres: 11 General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Main shaft Woodford 27N 1W 14 NE SW SW
Air shaft (8.5 x 5.5 ft) Woodford 27N 1W 14 NE SW SW


For more information about Longwall Mining See: History of Longwall Coal Mining In Illinois
Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Colchester 480 2.33 2.33 2.5 LW

Geological Problems Reported

The Springfield Coal was mined when the shaft was first opened up, but quality issues encouraged development of the lower seam. The roof for the Colchester Coal was dark gray shale that was finely and evenly laminated, and some areas were very fractured. The coal was brittle. Pyrite was present in balls and bands. The distribution was irregular. Bands ranged in thickness from 0.12 inch to 1.5 inches, and the number of bands varied. Pyrite balls averaged 1.5 to 2.0 inches thick and up to 8 inches across, and were easily removed. Considerable black jack, or pyritized mother coal, was seen in the mine, but the bands were not persistent throughout the mine. The black jack was not easily removed from the coal. Calcite and kaolinite facings were also present in the coal, but the black jack was the most common impurity. The gob pile for the mine provided clay for a neighboring brick and tile plant.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Peter Belsley Roanoke 1881-1883 6,000
Roanoke Coal and Mining Company Roanoke No. 1 1883-1907 1,542,238
Roanoke Coal Company Roanoke No. 1 1907-1924 1,706,174
J. T. Barron Roanoke No. 1 1924-1928 138,172
Roanoke Coal and Tile Company Roanoke No. 1 1929-1936 168,723
Roanoke Coal and Tile Company Roanoke No. 1 1937-1938 24,869 Production after map date
Roanoke Coal Company Roanoke 1939-1940 17,421 Production after map date
Total Production: 3,603,597

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
State Archive, IL_1586 12-21-1936 1:2400 1:2400 Not final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Woodford County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Woodford County) - Mine type, shaft location, seam, depth, thickness, geologic problems.
State Archive, IL_1586, courtesy of Robert Gibson, IDNR - Shaft locations, mine outline, mining method.

Mine Notes

Mine Images