Mine Index 0127   Sahara Coal Company,   Sahara No. 1 Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Saline unlocated
County: Saline
Quadrangle: Rudement
County Coal Data: Saline
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0127

Company Name: Sahara Coal Company
Mine Name: Sahara No. 1 Mine
Start Date: 1904 End Date: May 1939
Type of Mine: Underground
Total acres shown: 2,213
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Main shaft Saline 9S 6E 2 SE NW NE
Air shaft Saline 9S 6E 2 SE NW NE


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Springfield 311 4.5 6.5 4.67-5.25 MRP

Geological Problems Reported

A 1907 gas explosion killed a mine examiner. Two northwest-southeast trending faults cut through the mine. These are subsidiary faults of the Cottage Grove Fault System. The main east-west fault of the system limited southern expansion of the mine. The shale roof was generally good, with little timbering needed. Although in isolated parts of the mine, the roof fell easily when the coal was removed. Pyrite lenses were present in the seam. The underclay heaved when wet, causing squeezes in the mine.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Diamond Coal Company Diamond 1904-1905 6,937
O’Gara Coal Company O’Gara No. 1 1905-1932 9,794,962
Sahara Coal Company Sahara No. 1 1933-1939 2,334,302
Total Production: 12,136,201

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Microfilm, document 352836 5-19-1939 1:2400 1:4634 Final
Company, 4103.S32 i5.1-27 5-19-1939 1:2400 1:2400 Final
Company, 4103.S32 i5.1-71 7-1-1913 1:2400 1:2400 Not final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation, geologic problems.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Saline County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Saline County) - Mine type, shaft location, seam, depth, thickness, geologic problems.
Microfilm map, document 352836, reel 03140, frames 412-415 - Mine outline (south half), mining method.
Company map, ISGS map library, 4103.S32 i5.1-27 - Mine outline (north half), mining method.
Company map, ISGS map library, 4103.S32 i5.1-71 (sheet 3) - Shaft locations.

Mine Notes

Mine Images