Mine Index 0217   Erie Sootless Coal Company,   Moweaqua Mine

Unlocated Mines In: Shelby unlocated
County: Shelby
Quadrangle: Assumption
County Coal Data: Shelby
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No

Mine Index Number: 0217

Company Name: Erie Sootless Coal Company
Mine Name: Moweaqua Mine
Start Date: 1892 End Date: 1935
Type of Mine: Underground
Total acres shown: 676
Production Indicated Acres: 5 acres mined after map date General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Main shaft Shelby 14N 2E 31 NW SW NE
Air shaft Shelby 14N 2E 31 NE SW NE


Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Springfield 618-625 5.0 5.83 5.33 RPP

Geological Problems Reported

On Christmas Eve in 1932, the barometric pressure dropped dramatically, which forced methane gas into voids in the abandoned works. Some roof falls had weakened the seals between the abandoned and active areas, and open flame lights used by the miners ignited the methane. The resulting explosion killed 54 men, everyone who was in the mine at the time. The roof was 2 feet of black shale overlain by 4 inches of limestone and over 6 feet of gray shale. The shale contained many slips and slickenslides, and required timbering. Horsebacks were common. The top 33 inches of coal was brittle and had the greatest amount of pyrite.


Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Moweaqua Coal Mining and Manufacturing Company Moweaqua 1892-1920 1,850,320
Moweaqua Coal Mining Company Moweaqua 1920-1930 527,633
Moweaqua Coal Corporation Moweaqua 1931-1933 Idle 1933 60,840
Erie Sootless Coal Company Moweaqua 1934-1935 17,541 Production after map date
Total Production: 2,456,334

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Company, 4102 i5.1-17 12-1932 1:2400 1:2400 Not final

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation, seam, geologic problems.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Shelby County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Shelby County) - Mine type, shaft location, depth, thickness, geologic problems.
Company map, ISGS map library, 4102 i5.1-17 - Shaft locations, mine outline, mining method.

Mine Notes

Mine Images