Mine Index 0702   Amax Coal Company,   Delta Mine

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INTERPRETING A MINE SUMMARY SHEET
Unlocated Mines In: Williamson unlocated, Saline unlocated
County: Williamson
Saline
Quadrangle: Pittsburg
Carrier Mills
Crab Orchard
Harco
Galatia
County Coal Data: Williamson
Saline
Shown On Map: Yes
Unlocated: No
MSHA ID:

Mine Index Number: 0702

Company Name: Amax Coal Company
Mine Name: Delta Mine
Start Date: 1935 End Date: 1997
Type of Mine: Surface
Total acres shown: 12,942 (2,892 in the Danville Coal, 7,668 in the Herrin Coal and 2,382 in the Springfield Coal).
Acres after map date: General Area of mining acres shown:

Shaft, Slope, Drift or Tipple Location(s)

Type County Township-Range Section Part Section
Tipple Williamson 9S 4E 33 Pits were located in all or parts of Sections 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 26, 33, 34, 35, 36 of T9S-R4E, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 31 of T9S-R5E, and 2, 3 of T10S-R4E. NW NW NE

Geology

Thickness (ft)
Seam Depth (ft) Min Max Ave Mining Method
Danville 43 1.83 Surface
Herrin (1943-1997) 28-120 4.58-7.0 Surface
Springfield (1935-1943) 75-101 4.17-4.33 Surface

Geological Problems Reported

The coal had a steep pitch near the Cottage Grove fault, which prevented mining in its immediate proximity. Subsidiary faults were encountered, with up to 12 feet of displacement. Near the faults, the coal’s topography and thickness varied, but in some pits, the thickness had little variation. Other fault-related features were noted, including pulverized or shattered zones and slips. Coal balls were locally abundant. The top of the Herrin Coal was irregular and interbedded with shale. Three lenses of shale that were up to 4 feet thick were noted in a one-half mile face. The coal contained pyrite nodules.

Production

Company Mine Name Date Production (tons)
Delta Coal Mining Company Delta 1935-1946 5,817,335
Delta Collieries Corporation Delta 1946-1956 6,312,742
Carmac Coal Company Delta 1957-1962 4,937,465
Thunderbird Collieries Corporation Delta 1963-1966 3,901,411
Ayrshire Collieries Corporation Delta 1967-1968 1,860,290
Ayrshire Coal Company, Div. AMAX Delta 1969-1971 2,804,014
Amax Coal Company Delta 1972-1997 37,454,266
Total Production: 63,087,523 Some production is from Saline County.

Production Notes

Coal Report production (if available)

Sources of Data

Source Map Map Date Original Scale Digitized Scale Map Type
Company, Coal Section files 2-6-1996 Final
USGS topographic map 1961, PR 1990 1:24000 1:24000 Secondary source
USGS topographic map 1965, PR 1990 1:24000 1:24000 Secondary source
Department of Mines & Minerals Undated Secondary source

Annotated Bibliography (Data source - brief description of information)

Coal Reports - Production, ownership, years of operation, seam, depth, thickness.
Directory of Illinois Coal Mines (Williamson County) - Mine names, mine index, ownership, years of operation.
Mine notes (Williamson County) - Mine type, mine location, seam, geologic problems.
Company map, Coal Section files, digital file - Mine outline, mining method.
USGS topographic map, Carrier Mills 7.5-minute Quadrangle, 1961, Photorevised 1990 - Mine outline.
USGS topographic map, Crab Orchard 7.5-minute Quadrangle, 1965, Photorevised 1990 - Mine outline.
Department of Mines & Minerals, 7a-02-13, aerial photograph base with surface mines identified - Mine outline.

Mine Notes

Mine Images

[[:Delta|Delta]]These files may not be true to scale and are not georgistered. Map Type: Microfilm
Map ID: 353095 3141 297-298, 30x
Company: Amax Coal Company
Mine Name: Delta
Caption:
Map Date: 7/6/1956
Map Status: Not Final
Image Credit:
Note:
More Info: M0702.jpg
Full Res Download:These files are true to scale and most are georegistered for gis software. These files may be a very large (>1GB) download! https://wikiimage.isgs.illinois.edu/ilmines/williamson/m0702.zip
https://go.illinois.edu/ILMImages/williamson/thumbnails/7a-02-13_geo_th.jpgThese files may not be true to scale and are not georgistered. Map Type: Department of Mines & Minerals
Map ID: 7a-02-13
Company:
Mine Name:
Caption:
Map Date: Undated
Map Status: Secondary
Image Credit:
Note:
More Info: 7a-02-13 geo
Full Res Download:These files are true to scale and most are georegistered for gis software. These files may be a very large (>1GB) download! https://go.illinois.edu/ILMImages/williamson/7a-02-13 geo.zip
https://go.illinois.edu/ILMImages/saline/thumbnails/7a_02_12_th.jpgThese files may not be true to scale and are not georgistered. Map Type: Department of Mines & Minerals
Map ID: 7a_02_12
Company:
Mine Name:
Caption:
Map Date: Undated
Map Status: Secondary
Image Credit:
Note:
More Info: 7a 02 12
Full Res Download:These files are true to scale and most are georegistered for gis software. These files may be a very large (>1GB) download! https://go.illinois.edu/ILMImages/saline/7a 02 12.zip

Photographs