Danville SW Quadrangle

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Mining in the Danville SW Quadrangle

The Danville Coal and Herrin Coal were both mined in the Danville Southeast and Danville Southwest Quadrangles. This location is at the edge of the Illinois Basin and both coals are surface-minable near the Vermilion River.

The Danville Coal ranged from 4.75 to over 6 feet thick (thinner where eroded) and the Herrin Coal was generally 5 to 6 feet thick. The depth ranged from very little cover to over 200 feet for the Herrin Coal. The Danville Coal had some geologic problems for mining. Generally, it was closer to the surface, and sometimes water came into the mine. This was aggravated in some circumstances due to channel systems that were contemporaneous with deposition of the upper part of the coal and the roof shales. The channels sometimes cut down into the coal. Horsebacks and rolls were common.

Mining was an important part of the history of Danville since the coal was shallow. The first known mining took place in 1853 by Caruthers & Ball, south of Danville. Most of the early mines were quite small, the more extensive mines not beginning until around 1860. Michael Kelly began surface mining in 1868 along the North Fork but soon moved to Grape Creek and established several mines in that area. Surface mining operations were developed here, the Mission Field west of Danville (sections 19 and 20 of T19N-R12W) being the first site of machine mining with scrapers in 1866 (Kirkland, Blankey & Graves) and later on with the first dragline in 1890. Mining generally slowed significantly in the latter part of World War II, and for the last 30 years only one or two mines operated in Vermilion County.

The back of this report includes mines that could not be located due to lack of source maps or locational information in the Coal Section mine notes. Most of these mines are underground and the production indicates approximately 1 square mile in addition to that shown on the map could be undermined.

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Coal Mines In Illinois Danville SW Quadrangle

Mines that Appear on the Danville SW Quadrangle

Unlocated Mines

Vermilion County

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